Beginners in English learning and students who have just begun studying Grammar often get confused between antonyms and synonyms and moreover, between homophones and homographs. We need to understand all these terms as it improves our sentence formations and further improves our vocabulary. Let’s take for instance this sentence: 

  • The building was very big and the barricades were also big. 

Doesn’t sound good, right? Let us now make this sentence better without repeating the same word twice. 

  • The building was huge and the barricades were also big. 

Much better, right? That’s exactly what synonyms, antonyms, homophones and homographs do to our sentence. It improves the structure, syntax and formation. Therefore it is essential for beginners to understand and practice all of them.

 Let us now simplify it: 

To begin with the easier one, synonyms are different words with similar meanings and antonyms are opposite words. Eg. The synonyms for old will be ancient whereas the antonym for old will be new. Let us explore more examples of the same: 


  1. Big- Gigantic, huge, enormous 
  2. Small- tiny, microscopic, little, miniature 
  3. Exit- leave
  4. Ill- sick, unwell 
  5. Fast- quick 


  1. Bad- good
  2. Pretty- ugly
  3. Tall- short 
  4. Heavy- light 
  5. Fall- rise