Now, we know the basic concepts of nouns. It won’t be difficult for you to understand them. If I say that they are nouns which are replacing words for naming words. This wouldn’t be appropriate. Let’s know it in the basic way that we never forget the concept of pronouns. They take the place of your name, place, animal, thing in a sentence.

Vocabulary for Pronouns

Sam has to exercise in order for Sam to get the fitness and body type that Sam wants.

This isn’t a very good sentence. It makes excessive use of the proper noun ‘Sam,’ and it lacks polish. They are needed to replace the noun ‘Sam’ in this sentence. You may recall that nouns and pronouns have a relationship, but you may not recall what that relationship is or how to use them correctly.

It is a word that acts as a substitute for a noun or refers to one. A noun is a word that names a place, person, thing, or idea, as you may recall. To avoid repetition, I can rephrase my original sentence as follows: Sam must exercise in order to get the desired body type.

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Subjective Case Pronouns

Knowing the different types is useful because it allows you to know when to use which type and double-check your writing to ensure you’ve used your them correctly. The subjective case pronoun, also known as a nominative case pronoun, is one of the most common types of personal pronouns.


Pronouns that act as subjects of sentences are known as subjective case. The subject of a sentence is the theme. The action of the verb is usually, but not always, performed by the subject of a sentence.

The subject of the sentence is ‘Jack’ in the sentence: Jack juggled apples and oranges. Because this sentence is written in an active voice, which we’ll discuss in a later lesson, Jack is performing the action of the sentence, which is juggling.

In that sentence, consider what pronoun would replace the subject ‘Jack.’ You can probably figure it out, but keep in mind that because ‘Jack’ is the subject of the sentence, we’ll need a subjective case pronoun to replace his name.

Keep in mind that subjective cases are pronouns that function as sentence subjects. You probably guessed that ‘He’ would be the accurate subjective case pronoun here, so that would be: He juggled apples and oranges.

Example for Singular

Consider what other of them could be used as subjects in sentences. I, she, he, you, and it would all be on our list. In sentences, each of these  can perform the action of a verb:

I was there at the mall.

She was there at the mall.

He was there at the mall.

You were there at the mall.

As a result, each of these  is a subjective case pronoun. Each of these subjective cases is singular, as you may have noticed. You may recall that the word singular refers to a single person. In other words, when we say ‘she’ in a sentence, we’re referring to only one person.

Example for Plural

The word plural, on the other hand, denotes the presence of more than one person. In sentences, there are also plural subjective cases that perform the action of verbs. You, we, and they are examples of plural subjective cases. These plural subjective case  can act as verbs in the following sentences:

You were there at the mall.

We were there at the mall.

They were there at the mall.

It’s worth noting that the word ‘you’ appears in both the singular and plural forms. That makes sense because the word “you” can be used to address a single person or a group of people.

Objective Case Pronouns

The objective case, that acts as sentence objects, are the second most common type of personal pronouns. In a sentence, the verb’s action is received by an object. So, in the sentence “Sam hugged Raj,” the subject would be “Sam,” because he is doing the action of the verb “hugged.” As Raj is the one being hugged, ‘Raj’ is receiving the verb’s action. The subject of this sentence is Raj.

In that sentence, consider what pronoun would replace the object ‘Raj.’ It wouldn’t be accurate to say, “Sam hugged he.” We know that sentence is incorrect because ‘he’ is a subjective case pronoun, which means it will always be a subject, and we need an object here.

You’ve probably guessed that the pronoun ‘him’ is required for the sentence: Sam hugged him. And the pronoun ‘him’ is an objective case pronoun, which is exactly what we need in this situation.

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Example of Singular

Consider what other of these could be used as objects in sentences. I, him, you, her, and it would all be on our list. In sentences, each of these  can receive the action of verbs:

Sam gave me a big hug.

You were hugged by Sam.

He was hugged by Sam.

Sam gave her a big hug.

It was hugged by Sam.

Example of Plural

As a result, each of these  is an objective case pronoun. Each of these objective cases  is singular, as you may have noticed. There are multiple objective cases : you, us, and them, to name a few. In sentences, these plural objective case  can also receive the action of verbs:

We were both hugged by Sam.

You were hugged by Sam.

They were hugged by Sam.

It’s worth noting that ‘you’ is both singular and plural, as well as a subjective and objective case pronoun.

Personal Pronouns

You probably think of personal pronouns when you think of these. Personal pronouns are the type that are used to refer to specific people or groups. The following are examples of personal pronouns with some sentences:







Here are some italicised examples of personal pronouns, with the nouns they refer to bolded:

The new boss will arrive today. All the employees should be at the gate to welcome him.

My family loves paneer. We make them every Sunday for movie night.

Relative Pronouns

Another type of pronoun is relative pronouns. They form a link between relative and independent clauses. They frequently provide additional information about a topic mentioned earlier in the sentence. The following words are examples of relative pronouns with some sentences:






Who and which are traditionally used to refer to people, while which and that are used to refer to animals or things. Here are a few workplace examples of relative pronouns:

The man who called earlier was one of my friends.

All the cats that got adopted today will be loved and admired.

My bike, which is nearly ten years old, still drives well.

Also Read: Interjection in English Grammar: Let’s Discuss Some Rules and Usage in Daily Life

Interrogative Pronouns

In questions, interrogative pronouns are used. Who, which, what, and whose are interrogative. The following are some examples of interrogative pronouns in action:

Who wants a bag of chocolates and toffees?

What is your name?

Which Youtube video do you want to watch?

Whose umbrella is this?

Reciprocal Pronouns

Only two of this type exist:

Each other

One another

These are used to refer to two or more people who are both of the sentence’s subject and object. Consider the following examples:

The two top salespeople on our team, Anu and Selena, are competing with each other for Salesperson of the Year.

My entire family is blaming one another for allowing the boa constrictor to escape last Thanksgiving.

What Do You Need to Learn?

To improve English vocabulary, we feel we need to improve our grammar. Is that the only thing that we need to improve? Nouns and pronouns are they really a grammar concept? No, they are not grammar concepts. They are part of your vocabulary for English. There is nothing much that you need to learn about them. The only thing is that you need to place the appropriate pronoun in the place of naming words.

How to Acquire the Right Vocabulary?

Before you acquire the right vocabulary for them, it is important that you know the right vocabulary for nouns. They are nouns which are replacing words for the naming words. They are words which are used to make the paragraph meaningful. Nouns cannot always be used in a paragraph. Pronoun vocabulary is easy to understand in a practical way. We try to understand the rules on how to use pronouns.

Rules: How to Use Them in a Sentence?

Here are three simple rules and tips to help you avoid making pronoun mistakes in English. More detailed rules can be found on our FluentLife pages and articles.

Rule 1

  1. Rule 1: We use “I”, “my” and “me” when talking about ourselves.


  1. My book is lying on the table.
  2. I am going for a movie.
  3. Give that pen to me.

Rule 2

  1. Rule 2: We use them “he”, “him” and “his” for talking about the male gender i.e. a boy or a man.

Also Read: Direct and Indirect Speech: Get to Know the Rules and Application with Examples


  1. His name is Dhruv.
  2. He works at Samsung.
  3. I saw him talking to the boss.

Rule 3

  1. Rule 3: We use them “she” and “her” for the female gender i.e. a woman or a girl.


  1. Jhalak knows how to cook. She cooks well.
  2. Her parents were afraid to send her.

The problem comes when you have to fit the appropriate pronoun for the naming words. Here are a few conversational examples, like the daily example which will clear the concept.


  1. Situation- Talking to mom

Conversation: Raju took a 20 rupee note from me. He did not return anything to me. How much do I have to get back?

Noun: Raju

Pronoun: He

  1. Situation: Talking to a friend.

Conversation: Raveena did not appear for the test. She is scared to go to college tomorrow. I think we should help her out.

Noun: Raveena

Pronoun: She, I

  1. Situation: Conversation with mentor.

Conversation: Atul sir has told me to complete my assignments by Monday. He has even advised me to read books. How will I manage so much?

Noun: Atul

Pronoun: He

Test your Vocabulary

So now, you have understood them and phrases in a sentence. Here are some images you can create any conversation related to the image. Try using as much as pronouns and nouns you can in the conversation. Be creative as much as you can.


Pronouns play a crucial role in how people communicate. They replace nouns like names and make it simple for people to share information about themselves.

Although many people use the pronouns she, he, or they, there are a variety of other pronouns that can be used.

To foster an inclusive environment, it is critical to ask someone what their pronouns are and to share one’s own pronouns.

Hopefully, you now have got a basic understanding of why pronouns are important. If you are still stuck, hop on to FluentLife which is one stop for learning English.

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