Since prehistoric times, people have interacted with one another through one or more forms of language.

English is among the most widely used languages in today’s global culture. To claim that English syntax and grammar are difficult to understand would be an exaggeration. In actuality, it takes years for people to become fluent in the language.

As a result, in order to have solid grammar abilities, you must first learn the fundamentals of the English language before attempting to concentrate on other aspects of English grammar. In this article, you will learn about the types of sentences with examples, rules, and usage.

What is a Sentence?

In languages, a sentence is defined as a sequence of words that conveys a cohesive thought. It has a subject and a predicate. In other terms, a sentence is a grouping of words that communicates a complete notion while adhering to the grammatical norms of the language.

Examples

# How sad it is!

# My dog is fit

# Yesterday was fun

# What a beautiful day!

# Do your homework

# Clean your room

# Go to sleep

# Make me some coffee

# What have you done!

# What is his name?

# Where do you study?

# Where do you live?

# What is his father’s name?

# Is this your pen?

# Did you finish your homework?

Types of Sentences with Examples

There are 4 types of sentences. You will read about them in this section. To learn the usage, you can read the given examples in each section.

Declarative Sentences

A declarative sentence makes a statement, presents a fact, provides an explanation, or delivers information. The most prevalent sort of sentence in the English language is a declarative sentence. Declarative sentences are composed in the present tense and normally end with a period. In most cases, the subject comes before the verb.

Examples:

# My dog is fit.

# Yesterday was fun.

# Pizza is my favourite food.

Exclamatory Sentences

A sentence that shows intense emotion is called an exclamatory sentence, Exclamatory sentences in English usually end with an exclamation mark, sometimes known as an exclamation point. While exclamatory sentences are acceptable in casual situations, they should be avoided in all forms of official writing, including academic writing.

Examples:

# How sad it is!

# What a beautiful day!

# What have you done!

Imperative Sentences

A direct demand, request, invite, warning, or instruction is expressed in an imperative sentence. Imperative sentences lack a subject and instead issue an instruction to an inferred second person.

Examples:

# Do your homework.

# Clean your room.

# Go to sleep.

# Make me some coffee.

Interrogative Sentences

An interrogative sentence is one in which a question is posed. An interrogative sentence can be active or passive, begin even without pronouns, and include yes/no interrogatives, alternate questions, or tagged questions.

Interrogative statements are frequently preceded with interrogative pronouns and concluded with a question mark. “Who,” “what,” “when,” “where,” “why,” “which,” “whose,” and “whom” are examples of such words.

Examples:

# What is his name?

# Where do you study?

# Where do you live?

# What is his father’s name?

# Is this your pen?

# Did you finish your homework?

# Have you ever been to Japan?

# Did you go to the party yesterday?

# What do you do in your free time?

Also Read: How to be Fluent in English? Check Out the Best Cost-Effective Methods to Ace this Foreign Language

Rules

Check out the rules to learn how to form a proper sentence

Form Function
declarative statement- It tells us something
interrogative question- It asks us something
imperative command- It tells us to do something
exclamative exclamation- It expresses surprise

Examples

Declarative Sentence

They should continue their journey from here.

China has the world’s fastest-growing economy.

We enjoy pizza.

She went to the beach the day before.

Asphalt is used to construct roads.

I stayed in line for 3 hours because I’m such a huge supporter.

I enjoy potatoes.

We should depart right away.

Those outfits were once mine.

Exclamatory Sentences

Ooh, you’ve arrived!

You didn’t pass the exam!

What a lovely city this is!

Wipe the board, Sara!

I’m very sorry I missed the service!

Don’t say anything; just leave!

Please assist me right now!

Oh, okay, now it’s lovely!

What a strange coincidence!

Wait a minute, that footbridge is broken!

Imperative Sentences

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Make sure to bring warm clothing.

Is he not welcome to come in?

Shouldn’t we go out?

Don’t budge!

Please lend me some money.

Take it slowly.

Don’t just sit there.

Give us the key to the gate.

To increase your writing ability, read a lot.

Is he not welcome to come in?

Shouldn’t we eat dinner here?

Smoking is not permitted in your room.

First, you wash your hands, and then you eat.

Make your bed.

Interrogative Sentence

When are you going to see your mothers?

Where do you call home?

Where are we going?

Why haven’t you been studying yet?

When did you graduate from high school?

Where the hell did I put my phone?

You can show us who you like.

Whose book was you bringing me?

When are the ideal days to go shopping?

What kind of songs do you wish to listen to while dancing?

How many subjects do you have to cover?

Did we make you a dessert?

What genres of music do you enjoy?

Did you remember to take your multivitamin this morning?

What are your thoughts on this topic?

How did it get so late so quickly?

How many movies have you seen this month?

Also Read: Online Grammar Tools To Use: Let’s Get Perfect at English Grammar Proficiency!

Practise Questions with Answers

Questions Set A

Try to answer what type are these:

Ah! What a lovely rose.

It was a nice kick.

Did she behave well there?

Kindly lend me your book.

Which is your house?

What are you doing here?

Please sit down.

Please tell us about the story of the criminal.

Are your pens working good?

Renu, you should not make mistakes.

The stars are shining in the sky.

What a nice dress it is!

Your father is beating your brother.

Children, please come inside the room.

Don’t shout in the class.

Answers

What are you doing here? – Interrogative Sentence

Please sit down. – Imperative Sentence

Please tell us about the story of the criminal. – Imperative Sentence

Are your pens working good? – Interrogative Sentence

Renu, you should not make mistakes. – Declarative Sentence

The stars are shining in the sky. – Declarative Sentence

What a nice dress it is! – Exclamatory Sentence

Your father is beating your brother. – Declarative Sentence

Children, please come inside the room. – Declarative Sentence

Don’t shout in the class. – Imperative Sentence

Question Set B

How terrible night it was!

Get this chocolate from the grocery shop.

How beautiful your sister is!

Ravita is the fastest runner in your class.

Please, stop making faces at my paintings.

When does your father come to school?

Please turn down the volume.

Monu does not love to paint animals.

This is the almirah where we keep our documents.

How many books did you take from the school library?

Answers

How terrible night it was! – Exclamatory Sentence

Get this chocolate from the grocery shop. – Imperative Sentence

How beautiful your sister is! – Exclamatory Sentence

Ravita is the fastest runner in your class. – Declarative Sentence

Please, stop making faces at my paintings. – Imperative Sentence

When does your father come to school? – Interrogative Sentence

Please turn down the volume. – Imperative Sentence

Monu does not love to paint animals. – Declarative Sentence

This is the almirah where we keep our documents. – Declarative Sentence

How many books did you take from the school library? – Interrogative Sentence

Question Set C

Yes, I can do it for you.

Could you switch on the fan, please?

Where are your friends playing today?

Has he come back?

There is no positive without negative.

May you prosper!

How wonderful news it is!

May you go to hell!

I will not go to the temple this month.

Hello, my name is Don.

Answers

Yes, I can do it for you. – Declarative

Could you switch on the fan, please? – Imperative

Where are your friends playing today? – Interrogative

Has he come back? – Interrogative

There is no positive without negative. – Declarative

May you prosper! – Optative

How wonderful news it is! – Exclamatory

May you go to hell! – Optative

I will not go to the temple this month. – Declarative

Hello, my name is Don. – Declarative

Questions Set D

Wasn’t that sack is very heavy?

How nice man he is!

How can you be a nice man?

What a beautiful rose it is!

This rose is beautiful.

What is beautiful?

Is he a thief?

Yes, he is.

What! he is a thief.

How strange!

Answers

Wasn’t that sack is very heavy? – Interrogative

How nice man he is! – Exclamatory

How can you be a nice man? – Interrogative

What a beautiful rose it is! – Exclamatory

This rose is beautiful. – Declarative

What is beautiful? – Interrogative

Is he a thief? – Interrogative

Yes, he is. – Declarative

What! he is a thief. – Exclamatory

How strange! – Exclamatory

Conclusion

To summarise, a sentence is a combination of words that follows the grammar rules of a language in order to transmit a full notion. It can be divided into two parts: the sentence’s subject and the sentence’s predicate.

Furthermore, it can be divided into several subcategories based on its structure or function. There are 4 types of sentences based on their function: interrogative, declarative, imperative, and exclamatory. To learn more about English grammar, visit The Fluent Life.

Also Read: Grammar Errors to Avoid: How to Improve Your English Grammar?