Clarity and precision in communication are essential for effective communication in any language. English is no exception. A well-structured sentence with proper punctuation can convey the intended message precisely. Understanding the different types of clauses in English grammar is crucial for writing and speaking accurate and effective English.

What are Clauses?

A clause is a group of words in a sentence that contains a subject and a verb. It can be a complete sentence or a part of a sentence. There are two types of clauses in English grammar – independent clauses and dependent clauses.

Types of Clauses in English Grammar

Independent Clauses:

  1. An independent clause is a complete sentence that can stand alone. It expresses a complete thought and contains a subject and a verb. It is also known as a main clause. Example: She went to the store.

Dependent Clauses:

  1. A dependent clause cannot stand alone as a sentence. It needs an independent clause to make complete sense. It contains a subject and a verb but does not express a complete thought. There are three types of dependent clauses:
  • Adverbial Clauses: An adverbial clause modifies the verb in the independent clause. It answers questions such as “when,” “where,” “why,” “how,” and “to what extent.” Example: After he finished his homework, he watched TV.
  • Adjectival Clauses: An adjectival clause modifies a noun in the independent clause. It gives more information about the noun. Example: The girl who was wearing a red dress won the competition.
  • Noun Clauses: A noun clause functions as a noun in the sentence. It can be the subject, object, or complement of the independent clause. Example: What she said made me angry.

Types of Clauses in English Grammar with Examples

  1. Independent Clause: The sun is shining today.
  2. Adverbial Clause: After we finish eating, we’ll go for a walk.
  3. Adjectival Clause: The girl who won the race was very fast.
  4. Noun Clause: The fact that he arrived late was not surprising.
  5. Adverbial Clause of Time: Before the show starts, let’s grab some popcorn.
  6. Adverbial Clause of Condition: If you study hard, you will pass the exam.
  7. Adverbial Clause of Reason: Since it was her birthday, we threw her a surprise party.
  8. Adverbial Clause of Contrast: Although he is very talented, he still needs to practice more.
  9. Adjectival Clause of Possession: The book whose cover is red belongs to me.
  10. Noun Clause as Object of Verb: He promised that he would be there on time.

By learning and mastering the different types of clauses in English grammar, learners can improve their writing and speaking skills and express themselves more accurately and effectively.

Benefits of English Speaking Online Course

Learning English online has become increasingly popular in recent years. Online courses offer several benefits, such as:

  • Convenience: Online courses allow learners to study from anywhere and at any time.
  • Flexibility: Learners can set their own pace and schedule.
  • Variety: Online courses offer a wide range of resources, including videos, interactive exercises, and quizzes.
  • Cost-effective: Online courses are often more affordable than traditional classroom courses.

Online English Learning from Fluent Life

Fluent Life offers a variety of online English learning courses that cater to learners of different levels and needs. Some of the key features of Fluent Life’s online courses include:

  1. Personalized Learning: Fluent Life’s courses are tailored to the needs of individual learners. They offer customized learning plans, assessments, and feedback to help learners improve their skills in specific areas.
  2. Interactive Learning: Fluent Life’s courses use interactive tools and multimedia resources, such as videos, audios, and quizzes, to engage learners and make the learning experience more enjoyable.
  3. Experienced Tutors: Fluent Life’s tutors are highly experienced and qualified in teaching English as a foreign language. They provide learners with personalized support and guidance throughout the course.
  4. Flexible Learning: Fluent Life’s courses are flexible and adaptable to learners’ schedules and preferences. Learners can study at their own pace and choose the courses that best suit their needs and goals.
  5. Practical Focus: Fluent Life’s courses emphasize practical communication skills that are relevant to learners’ daily lives and professional aspirations. They focus on building learners’ confidence in using English in real-life situations.

Overall, Fluent Life’s online English learning courses provide learners with a comprehensive and engaging learning experience that helps them improve their English skills and achieve their language learning goals.


Clauses are an essential component of English grammar. Understanding the different types of clauses can help learners communicate more effectively and accurately. Fluent Life’s online courses offer a convenient and flexible way to learn English and improve language skills.