Tenses are an important part of the English Language. The English learners start with the tenses to make their sentences correct and meaningful. If the tense used in a sentence is wrong or if you use the wrong rule of tense in a sentence, you tend to mislead the listener or reader. So, you have to learn about tenses perfectly to use them correctly in sentences and to understand the thoughts of other people.

If you are looking for an article that can build the foundation of this greatly significant concept of English Grammar, you need to read this article till the end. All the types of tenses are explained here along with their rules and examples. You can take advantage of this magnificent information through this article.

After going through the article, don’t forget to practice sentence making with the tenses rules. This will make you perfect in the usage of the tenses. Tenses can change the complete meaning of a sentence which makes it difficult for people to make correct interpretations of your perceptions.

So, you need to be careful while using tenses in a sentence. Let’s begin with the article to grasp all the facts, rules for tenses in English Grammar along with the best examples.

Also Read: Punctuation in English Grammar: Let’s Try to Understand the Rules and Usage to Make Writing Smoother

Rules for Tenses in English Grammar

The rules for Tenses are the basis of the sentences formed in English. You have to be aware of all the rules for each type of tense. Well, if you think about grabbing the information regarding the tense rules, you need to give a thorough read to the given table.

You will grab all the rules for the Tenses. So, let’s begin with the information to be excellent in English grammar. In the table, V1=  first form of the verb, V2= second form of the verb, V3= third form of the verb.

Tenses Tenses Rule
Past simple tense Subject + V2 + Object
Past Perfect tense Subject + had + V3 + Object
Past Continuous tense Subject + was + V1 + ing + Object (Singular) Subject + were + V1 + ing + Object (Plural)
Past perfect continuous tense Subject + had been + V1 + ing + Object
Present Simple tense Subject + V1 + s/es + Object (Singular) Subject + V1 + Object (Plural)
Present Perfect tense Subject + has + V3 + Object (Singular) Subject + have + V3 + Object (Plural)
Present Continuous tense Subject + is/am/are + V1 + ing + object
Present perfect continuous tense Subject + has been + V1 + ing + Object (Singular)Subject + have been + V1 + ing + Object (Plural)
Future Simple tense Subject + will/shall + V1 + Object
Future Perfect tense Subject + will have/shall have + V3 + Object
Future Continuous tense Subject + will be/shall be + ing + V1 + Object
Future Perfect Continuous tense Subject + will have been + V1 + ing + Object

Types of Tenses

Tense is an integral part of the English language which determines the time of the happening/occurrence of an incident or event with reference to the time of speaking. It also reflects the continuation or completion of a particular activity or event. Good knowledge of tenses is required if you are a student or if you are preparing for some competitive examinations.

A sentence becomes meaningful with the help of tenses. So, it is extremely significant for all English learners to grasp this concept. This article is completely dedicated to the types, rules, and examples of tenses. So, you can go ahead to understand Tenses well.

Also Read: Basics of Past Tense in English: Practise Questions with Answers

Tenses Classification

Well, you must be looking for the classification of tenses to understand the types of tenses. Tenses are broad of three types. These are:

#. Past

#. Present

#. Future.

These common tenses are further classified into the given portions:

#. Simple Tense

#. Continuous Tense

#. Perfect Tense

#. Perfect Continuous Tense

Each tense has its classification over the given classified forms. These are given below:

#1. Past Tense

#. Simple Past Tense

#. Past Continuous Tense

#. Past Perfect Tense

#. Past Perfect Continuous Tense

#2. Present Tense

#. Simple Present Tense

#. Past Continuous Tense

#. Present Perfect Tense

#. Present Perfect Continuous Tense

#3. Future Tense

#. Simple Future Tense

#. Future Continuous Tense

#. Future Perfect Tense

#. Future Perfect Continuous Tense

Tenses in English Grammar

The basic thing about the tenses in English Grammar is that the Past tense is used to define an activity or action done in the past. It determines the happenings that have already occurred.

The present tense is used to describe the present activity, event, incident, or situation. It determines the events occurring currently. The future tense is used to define the happenings that have not occurred or are not occurring but possibly will occur in the future.

The tenses are exponentially significant in the English language to define the time or the moment of the occurrence. The rules of tenses are given in the article to benefit the learning of the candidates.

Well, you must have understood the importance of this concept in the language. To understand it practically, you must go through the examples given below. Tenses can confuse you if you don’t focus on grabbing the perfect knowledge of each tense along with its usage. You need to start with the common tenses and then move towards their classifications and rules. It will let you build a strong foundation for this concept.

Examples of Tenses

Well, if you have read about the Tenses in the above paragraphs, you must be searching for examples to understand the usage perfectly. When you read about something, you tend to understand the functions or definition of it but once you go through the examples, you understand the concept and usage of the concept practically.

The experts also emphasize giving the learning with the help of examples so that the candidates remember the concept and use it correctly. So, to help you understand the tenses rules perfectly, here are some examples of all the types of tenses.

Go through all the examples given below and practice them with the rules given above in the article to get perfect with the tenses in English Grammar.

Also Read: Simple Past Tense Errors: Here’s Your Guide to Correct English Grammar

#1. Simple Present Tense Examples

#. The earth revolves around the sun.

#. Radha wakes up early in the morning daily.

#. I speak Spanish quite well.

#. Kim works in this hotel as an executive chef.

#. The old couple lead a simple life.

#. Reena serves the lunch at half-past two and puts the children to sleep at half-past eight.

#2. Present Progressive Tense Examples

#. She is walking to the kitchen.

#. Rimjhim is trying hard to complete the assignment.

#. The teacher is delivering the checked notes.

#. Is Johnson attending the class on Cryptocurrency?

#. Aparna understands what you are trying to convince her.

#3. Present Perfect Tense Examples

#. She has planted a ridge of carrots in her garden.

#. The vice Principal has explained the use of the verb to the students.

#. Tara has completed three chapters of the English book.

#. I have not yet eaten my breakfast.

#. Has he already left for Australia for work?

#4. Present Perfect Progressive Tense Examples

#. I have been taking a dose of medicine for four weeks.

#. I have not been writing to her for six weeks.

#. Shamim has been trying to learn Russian for two months.

#. Kashia has been discussing jewelry design for three hours.

#. She has been working as an editor in this news channel since 2010.

#5. Simple Past Tense Examples

#. I used to go jogging.

#. The Headmaster advised the class to frame a timetable for Science.

#. She admired the poetry of Robert Frost.

#. The little boy fed the dog on the street.

#. I did not wish to talk about that matter.

#6. Past Progressive Tense Examples

#. He was planning for his career.

#. The guard was mowing the grass of the terrace.

#. The wife was reading a novel and the husband was sitting beside her.

#. She was peeling vegetables in the kitchen yesterday.

#. Was she celebrating his anniversary last week?

Also Read: What are Modal Auxiliary Verbs? Let’s Learn the Condiments of English and Their Functions

#7. Past Perfect Tense Examples

#. Michael had completed his task before the boss arrived.

#. The marketing head had successfully achieved the target of sales.

#. She had worked as a manager in this bank.

#. He had performed the research work to complete his probation.

#. It had rained heavily last month when the roads flooded with water.

#8. Past Perfect Progressive Tense Examples

#. She had been playing basketball for two hours.

#. She had been making satisfactory progress since her joining the company.

#. I had been working under the supervision of Mrs. Johnson.

#. He had been looking for her lost hat for three hours but he did not find it.

#9. Simple Future Tense Examples

#. Tomorrow I am leaving for Mumbai.

#. I will go to the market next Saturday.

#. He will buy a gift for his best friend.

#. My uncle will buy a watch for me.

#. He will take the final test next year.

#10. Future Progressive Tense Examples

#. Kalki will be making pudding at the weekend.

#. Sakina will be drinking coffee in the morning at 6 o’clock.

#. They will be playing cricket next Friday.

#. My aunt will be baking cupcakes for her friends.

#11. Future Perfect Tense Examples

#. John will have completed his probation period by the end of this year.

#. Jimmy will have traveled to Switzerland.

#. I will have planted a sapling on my terrace.

#. I will have done my assignment before I leave the cabin.

#12. Future Perfect Progressive Tense Examples

#. The guests will have been leaving the city for one hour.

#. The farmers will have been sowing crops since October.

#. She will have been painting her Canvas since morning.

#. I will have been learning Chinese for three weeks.

#. My company will have been progressing by leaps and bounds.

Also Read: The Formula of Present Perfect Continuous Tense: Facts and Rules to Know


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